The Ohio Resident Educator Program began in 2011, and is a comprehensive, four-year initiative to assist beginning teachers with mentoring and professional development as they start their education careers. The Resident Educator Program is designed to improve teacher retention, enhance teacher quality, and result in improved student achievement. The Ohio Resident Educator Program can be envisioned as a professional pathway to continued professional learning, leading educators to more effective practices and excellence in teaching. Ohio Revised Code 3319.223 and Ohio Administrative Code 3301-24-04 provide the basis for the Ohio Resident Educator Program and the requirement to successfully pass the Resident Educator Summative Assessment (RESA). When teachers successfully complete program requirements, including the RESA component, they become eligible for a professional teaching license. Teachers take the RESA in year 3 of the four-year program.